Eternal Rome is the capital of Italy. It sits on the Tiber River in the Lazio region, and is the country’s largest and most populous city. The history of Rome spans a fascinating two and a half thousand years and has left an imprint on many a modern day culture. The Roman Empire dominated the whole of Western Europe and the Mediterranean including North Africa for more than seven hundred years from the 1st century BC until the 7th century AD. Rome’s Vatican City is the most important site for Catholics all over the world and the city has been home to the Pope since the 1stcentury AD.
Rome has always been one of the world’s greatest attractions and in 2007, it was 11th in the list of most visited places and the most popular tourist attraction in Italy. The iconic sight of the Colosseum, and the Vatican Museums are amongst the world's 50 most visited tourist attractions.